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 Biological information



 Societal information



"Castithans are tricky. They're obsessive about their past, who their ancestors were, what liro they were born into. They build their lives around ancient traditions that may once have had a purpose, but... None of them can agree on what it was."
- Nicolette Riordon - Down in the Ground Where the Dead Men Go

The Castithan, sometimes called Castis, are a Votan race from the planet Daribo.


Castithan blood


Castithan blood is light pink in color. ("Past Is Prologue", "When Twilight Dims the Sky Above") Castithans may have seven more organs than humans. ("Teach This Boy To Fly") Castithan's hearts are located on the left hand side. ("History Rhymes") Castithans have a good sense of smell, even being able to sniff out pregnancy in humans. They can even smell the identity of people from their decaying remains. ("The Cord And The Ax", "Painted From Memory") They are immune to Viral hemorrhagic fever. ("If I Ever Leave This World Alive") Castithans reproduce through androgenesis, where the male is the sole source of the nuclear genetic material in the embryo. They can somewhat easily interbreed with Humans. ("Episode Mission:On Record", "Intel:Viable Embryos", "Inside Defiance: Episode 15")




Castithan handshake

Castithan culture is centered around the Fovásho, the caste system, that divides people into various Liros based on their families and professions. Castithan society is said to only function because everyone knows their place and their role. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 7") A member of a higher liro is considered superior to those from the lower liros and other races, even the Shanje Liro consider their saliva to be cleaner than alien germs. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 8") Lower liro members have a traditional greeting handshake for those of higher liros. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 4") There is another divide between those that originated on Casti, a terraformed world, versus those from Daribo, the original homeworld. [1]

Upward mobility through the liros is almost impossible for Castithans, either through marriage or other means. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 23") In the event of marriage, a higher liro member marrying a lower liro member will lower their status and it is very rare for someone's marriage to cause them to rise in status. ("Fun Facts: Season 3, Episode 10", "Fun Facts: Season 3, Episode 11") A Castithan fairy tale exists where a lowly handmaiden desires to marry the head of the household but is caught by the wife and placed on a shaming rack. Being a handmaiden is generally considered a prestigious profession as it is considered to be a great honor to serve the higher liros. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 17")



The society is patriarchal in nature with men holding a higher social status than women, and even somewhat between liros. Even higher liro women are expected to remain silent during conversations between men. ("The Last Unicorns") The subjugation of women is enshrined in Castithan law. These laws state that a man had the right to punish his wife should she be unable to follow his instructions. ("This Woman's Work") Despite their patriarchal society, Castithans hold a liberal view of sex and will use it as a means to an end. [2] Shanje Liro women rarely cook or clean but are considered responsible for the home. Women can, however, do as they wish provided it brings no shame to their family or liro. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 7")

Among the higher liros, men can use Kyerupavo, or courtship gems, to signal their intentions towards a woman. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 19") A pre-marriage tradition exists where the grooms friends play the role of the bride's brothers, cousins and father and the groom must fight them off to claim his bride. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 10") Castithan weddings involve the bride wearing a Telo, a metal face covering that does not allow them to see until it is removed by the groom once they are married, signifying the groom bringing her into the light. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 10", "The Bride Wore Black") The bathing rituals, or Famairu, involve women being unable to bath alone as it is considered shameful. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 3") Women are forbidden from taking lovers, while men are not. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 13") Fathers and sons can often share the same mistress and it is seen as a form of family bonding. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 23")

Cleansing ceremony


Castithans hold their social status in the highest regard and consider any slight against them as a form of public shaming. They have a saying "Shiro ksa yu re ya.", which means "Seeming is being.", where by how they are perceived and treated by others makes them such and can bring upon them shame. ("The Bride Wore Black", "Good Bye Blue Sky") This shaming is shared among family and other members of their liro. ("Down in the Ground Where the Dead Men Go") Among Castithans, there is a shaming ritual whereby a person can ask for forgiveness from one they have wronged and offer a service in return. ("Past Is Prologue") In some cases, men will challenge one another to a blood duel, a fight to the death over matters of honor. ("Down in the Ground Where the Dead Men Go")


A cleansing ceremony can be held to allow a person to make atonement for their crimes and protect their family. A shaming rack is used to inflict severe pain or even kill depending on the crimes of the accused. ("Fun Facts: Season 3, Episode 7") Should a person not take part in the ceremony, their soul would be doomed to Castithan hell. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 9") Among families, a person can use Atonement gems, which they used to cut their hand and spill blood as a promise to right their wrongs. ("Put The Damage On") In some cases of shame, the accused will simply allow themselves to be killed as a way to make up for their crimes. ("Down in the Ground Where the Dead Men Go") Begging for one's life, especially from a woman or another race is very shameful. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 9")


Castithan designs frequently feature the color white. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 23") Many Castithans view a love of art, such as music, as a weakness. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 10") Castithans share a similar taste in art and music to the Omec. ("Fun Facts: Season 3, Episode 5") Hexagonal designs, like in Indolano, are somewhat popular due to Indogene influence. ("Fun Facts: Season 3, Episode 10") Prestigious Castithan homes are often white, to appear as it the residents live in the clouds. ("Pilot", "Inside Defiance: Episode 2", "Main Mission:A Faustian Bargain")


Holy Casti Bible

A major religion among Castithans is the Shirivanáwo, the monotheistic belief in the god Rayetso. [3] Castithan religion states that Rayetso is a perfect being and many Castithans also see themselves as a perfect being. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 2") Their religion uses the Holy Casti Bible which among other things, states that a man should kill his wife should she betray him. ("Put The Damage On", "Beasts Of Burden") Castithan hell is perceived as a large crater divided into three parts: the lower level is for the criminals, outcasts and rebels; the middle level is for those that have disgraced their liro and do not go through a cleansing ceremony; the upper level is for the higher liros which allow them to observe the world of the living outside of the crater but not interact with it. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 9") A funerary rite called the Prayer of Emptiness is performed as a sign of respect for the departed. ("Fun Facts: Season 3, Episode 8")



Castithans were once used as slaves and food by the Omec. Castithans would hide a chosen few underground to prevent the Omec from getting them, including many of the higher liro members. ("The Last Unicorns", "The Beauty of Our Weapons") Some facets of Omec culture permeated into Castithan culture, such as some of their art, music and poetry and some even learned the Omec language. A legend even formed around the Omec, stating that one of these "enchanters" would cause a Castithan woman to fall madly in love and they would be taken away. ("The Broken Bough", "Fun Facts: Season 3, Episode 5") Eventually they joined with the other Votan races to force the Omec back to their homeworld in the War of Six, which began an age of "enlightenment". ("The Broken Bough", "Fun Facts: Season 3, Episode 5") Castithans became important and powerful members of the Votanis Collective. ("Loading screen")

The Arks leave Casti

Around 4000 BCE, the Castithans began invading Irath to capture Sensoth to be used in their armies. The Irathients took up arms on behalf of the Sensoth but were unable to resist due to Castithan advanced technology. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 9") Castithans claimed Irath as their own, subjugating the Irathients, Sensoth and Liberata. ("Intel:An Offer He Can Refuse") [4] During this time the Castithan language changed from the Proto-Castithan language to Old Castithan language. [5] When the Irathients became unruly, the Castithans drove them underground and killed them with Chlorine gas, in an event that became known as the Great Diaspora, and left a deep resentment between the races. ("If I Ever Leave This World Alive")

Luke Tarr

The Omec created the Indogene to be used as prey and food but the Indogene eventually rebelled and fled, and settled with the Castithans on Daribo. Hexagonal art became popular in Castithan culture at this time. ("Fun Facts: Season 3, Episode 10") In 3502 BCE Indogene scientists discovered that the Votanis System was going to be destroyed but they were not believed by the Castithans and other Votan races for some time. ("World of 2046: Timeline of the Future") When a plan was created to build Arks to take Votans to a new world, the Indogene began experimenting with Terraforming and terraformed a moon in the system that the Castithans claimed as their own. Casti as it came to be known was inhabited by many followers of the Shirivanáwo religion. ("World of 2046: Timeline of the Future", "Inside Defiance: Episode 10")

When the Arks were completed, Castithans chose many of their higher liro members to take places aboard, but there were still many from the lower liros that were able to gain passage. Some even attempted to gamble their passage for personal gain. ("New Book Reveals Secrets of a Dying World", "My Name Is Datak Tarr and I Have Come to Kill You") A few Castithans refused to leave their worlds. ("Inside Defiance: Episode 6", "Inside Defiance: Episode 10") Several Arks left from Casti. ("My Name Is Datak Tarr and I Have Come to Kill You") After arriving at Earth, it was discovered that Castithans could easily interbreed with Human, which led to research into a potential common ancestor but no evidence was found. ("Episode Mission:On Record") The Old Castithan language changed around this time to the modern Kastíthanu. [6] During and after the Pale Wars, Castithans strictly adhered to their culture, fearing that it was going to be lost to them. ("Down in the Ground Where the Dead Men Go", "This Woman's Work")